Human beings in living daily life have many needs that must be fulfilled. By meeting these daily needs, residual or waste materials will be produced, so we need to process household waste.
Domestic waste continues to grow along with the development of the population and the number of settlements that are now increasingly congested. The existence of this household waste has become a concern for the community and the government, since it can cause various negative impacts on people’s daily lives.
Did you know that household waste that has been discarded can be recycled? Unfortunately, only 6 to 11 percent of total waste is recycled, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
This means that more than 90 percent of the waste ends up in landfills, polluting rivers, public spaces and even polluting the sea. In addition, the garbage that is taken to the dumps does not always end well.
In fact, household waste carried by garbage collectors accumulates in landfills due to lack of proper management. This pile of garbage actually creates new problems, ranging from bacteria growth to contamination of clean water sources.
Examples of household waste
- Traces of water when washing clothes
- Remains of water to wash the dishes
- food waste
- vegetable litter
- plastic waste
- grass and leaves
- newspaper and cardboard
- Glass bottle
The impact of household waste for the community
Household waste is often carelessly disposed of without prior processing, leading to pollution and environmental damage, ranging from water, soil, and even the air. The pollution and environmental damage caused by the disposal of household waste is not something that we can underestimate because in the future it can disturb the health and well-being of the community. The following are some of the impacts that the community will feel as a result of the indiscriminate disposal of household waste without management.
1. The impact of household waste on health
The indiscriminate disposal of household waste without treatment can have a negative impact on the health of the surrounding community. Some of the diseases that these household wastes can cause are diarrhea, typhoid fever, cholera, fungal diseases, and intestinal worms.
2. The impact of household waste on the environment
Indiscriminate handling of raw household waste will result in environmental damage and pollution. This environmental damage and pollution will have a negative impact on the community, such as causing flooding due to drains becoming clogged with garbage and causing unpleasant odours.
3. The impact of household waste on social and economic conditions
The indiscriminate management of domestic waste without processing will have a negative impact on the social and economic conditions of the community. Household waste can cause many diseases that result in high health costs. Dirty and polluted environmental conditions from the consequences of waste will eventually have an impact on the social life of the community.
Solid Waste Segregation Process
Sorting is one of the most common ways of managing solid waste. This method can be carried out by classifying or separating organic waste (wet waste) and inorganic waste (dry waste) by each household actor. Organic waste (wet waste) can be processed into organic fertilizer or compost by domestic actors who own plantations or agricultural land. Meanwhile, inorganic waste (dry waste) such as cans, bottles, plastic and bottle caps can be re-separated for landfill or recycled into valuable items.
Storage is an activity for the temporary storage of waste independently before being transported or transferred to a Temporary Shelter (TPS) or Final Processing Site (TPA). In this management method, domestic actors must provide a container, which will separate the inorganic waste by type or material, in the yard or at the roadside to facilitate the collection and transportation of the waste and its subsequent processing. In order to avoid odors and leaks in the container, garbage containers must meet several requirements, namely, be closed, be made of materials that are not easily damaged and waterproof, easy to empty or transport.
The process of collecting solid waste or household garbage is carried out by concierges who visit each house and transport or transfer the waste to the Temporary Shelters (TPS). The process of collecting solid waste or household waste can also be carried out in other ways, namely, through the communal direct. Communal direct is the process of taking the solid waste or residues in each communal point to be transported directly to the Final Processing Site (TPA) without being previously transferred.
Well, that’s the article on examples of household waste and its impact. Let’s restore the health of the earth, starting with managing your own waste.